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2002 .

(2 publications)

C. Ethé, C. Basdevant, R. Sadourny, K. S. Appu, L. Harenduprakash, P. R. Sarode, and G. Viswanathan. Air mass motion, temperature, and humidity over the Arabian Sea and western Indian Ocean during the INDOEX intensive phase, as obtained from a set of superpressure drifting balloons. Journal of Geophysical Research (Atmospheres), 107:8023, October 2002. [ bib | DOI | ADS link ]

During the Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX) Intensive Field Phase, 17 superpressure balloons drifting at lower tropospheric levels were launched from Goa to sample the motion and meteorological characteristics of polluted air masses originating from the Indian subcontinent. The mass flow, as expected, is attracted to the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), which is reached in about 7 days. Successive trajectories show evidence of shifts in the flow regime, consistent with Meteosat-5 imagery and illustrative of the Madden-Julian oscillation. Balloons also show evidence of coastal anticyclonic circulations off the western coast of India, linked to both the orography of the Ghâts and the diurnal coastal wind mesoscale wind systems. These mesoscale circulations may be important in the transport of anthropogenic or mineral pollutants across the coast. The meteorological data gathered on board the balloons were systematically compared with European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) analyses interpolated in time and space at the balloons' successive locations every half-hour. The agreement is generally good in terms of wind velocities, temperature, and humidity. However, above the marine boundary layer, balloon data seem to indicate a cold bias of analyzed temperatures and a northeasterly bias of horizontal winds. The underestimation of variability in the analyzed winds can be partly explained by mesh size smoothing in the analysis system.

F. Codron and R. Sadourny. Saturation limiters for water vapour advection schemes: impact on orographic precipitation. Tellus Series A, 54:338, August 2002. [ bib | DOI | ADS link ]

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