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@comment{{This file has been generated by bib2bib 1.95}}
@comment{{Command line: /usr/bin/bib2bib --quiet -c 'not journal:"Discussions"' -c 'not journal:"Polymer Science"' -c '  author:"Rio"  ' -c year=2012 -c $type="ARTICLE" -oc lmd_Rio2012.txt -ob lmd_Rio2012.bib /home/WWW/LMD/public/}}
  author = {{Sane}, Y. and {Bonazzola}, M. and {Rio}, C. and {Chambon}, P. and 
	{Fiolleau}, T. and {Musat}, I. and {Hourdin}, F. and {Roca}, R. and 
	{Grandpeix}, J.-Y. and {Diedhiou}, A.},
  title = {{An analysis of the diurnal cycle of precipitation over Dakar using local rain-gauge data and a general circulation model}},
  journal = {Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society},
  year = 2012,
  month = oct,
  volume = 138,
  pages = {2182-2195},
  doi = {10.1002/qj.1932},
  adsurl = {},
  adsnote = {Provided by the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System}
  author = {{Mrowiec}, A.~A. and {Rio}, C. and {Fridlind}, A.~M. and {Ackerman}, A.~S. and 
	{Del Genio}, A.~D. and {Pauluis}, O.~M. and {Varble}, A.~C. and 
	{Fan}, J.},
  title = {{Analysis of cloud-resolving simulations of a tropical mesoscale convective system observed during TWP-ICE: Vertical fluxes and draft properties in convective and stratiform regions}},
  journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research (Atmospheres)},
  keywords = {TWP-ICE, cloud-resolving modeling, convection parameterization, mesoscale convective system, tropical convection, updrafts and downdrafts, Atmospheric Processes: Convective processes, Atmospheric Processes: Regional modeling (4316), Atmospheric Processes: Tropical convection},
  year = 2012,
  month = oct,
  volume = 117,
  number = d16,
  eid = {D19201},
  pages = {19201},
  abstract = {{We analyze three cloud-resolving model simulations of a strong
convective event observed during the TWP-ICE campaign, differing in
dynamical core, microphysical scheme or both. Based on simulated and
observed radar reflectivity, simulations roughly reproduce observed
convective and stratiform precipitating areas. To identify the
characteristics of convective and stratiform drafts that are difficult
to observe but relevant to climate model parameterization, independent
vertical wind speed thresholds are calculated to capture 90\% of total
convective and stratiform updraft and downdraft mass fluxes. Convective
updrafts are fairly consistent across simulations (likely owing to fixed
large-scale forcings and surface conditions), except that hydrometeor
loadings differ substantially. Convective downdraft and stratiform
updraft and downdraft mass fluxes vary notably below the melting level,
but share similar vertically uniform draft velocities despite differing
hydrometeor loadings. All identified convective and stratiform
downdrafts contain precipitation below {\tilde}10 km and nearly all
updrafts are cloudy above the melting level. Cold pool properties
diverge substantially in a manner that is consistent with convective
downdraft mass flux differences below the melting level. Despite
differences in hydrometeor loadings and cold pool properties, convective
updraft and downdraft mass fluxes are linearly correlated with
convective area, the ratio of ice in downdrafts to that in updrafts is
{\tilde}0.5 independent of species, and the ratio of downdraft to updraft
mass flux is {\tilde}0.5-0.6, which may represent a minimum evaporation
efficiency under moist conditions. Hydrometeor loading in stratiform
regions is found to be a fraction of hydrometeor loading in convective
regions that ranges from {\tilde}10\% (graupel) to {\tilde}90\% (cloud ice).
These findings may lead to improved convection parameterizations.
  doi = {10.1029/2012JD017759},
  adsurl = {},
  adsnote = {Provided by the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System}
  author = {{Rossignol}, S. and {Chiappini}, L. and {Perraudin}, E. and 
	{Rio}, C. and {Fable}, S. and {Valorso}, R. and {Doussin}, J.~F.
  title = {{Development of a parallel sampling and analysis method for the elucidation of gas/particle partitioning of oxygenated semi-volatile organics: a limonene ozonolysis study}},
  journal = {Atmospheric Measurement Techniques},
  year = 2012,
  month = jun,
  volume = 5,
  pages = {1459-1489},
  abstract = {{The gas/particle partitioning behaviour of the semi-volatile fraction of
secondary organic matter and the associated multiphase chemistry are key
features to accurately evaluate climate and health impacts of secondary
organic aerosol (SOA). However, today, the partitioning of oxygenated
secondary species is rarely assessed in experimental SOA studies and SOA
modelling is still largely based on estimated partitioning data. This
paper describes a new analytical approach, solvent-free and easy to use,
to explore the chemical composition of the secondary organic matter at a
molecular scale in both gas and particulate phases. The method is based
on thermal desorption (TD) of gas and particulate samples, coupled with
gas chromatography (GC) and mass spectrometry (MS), with derivatisation
on sampling supports. Gaseous compounds were trapped on Tenax TA
adsorbent tubes pre-coated with pentafluorobenzylhydroxylamine (PFBHA)
or N-Methyl-N-(t-butyldimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide (MTBSTFA).
Particulate samples were collected onto quartz or Teflon-quartz filters
and subsequently subjected to derivatisation with PFBHA or MTBSTFA
before TD-GC/MS analysis. Method development and validation are
presented for an atmospherically relevant range of organic acids and
carbonyl and hydroxyl compounds. Application of the method to a limonene
ozonolysis experiment conducted in the EUPHORE simulation chamber under
simulated atmospheric conditions of low concentrations of limonene
precursor and relative humidity, provides an overview of the method
capabilities. Twenty-five compounds were positively or tentatively
identified, nine being in both gaseous and particulate phases; and
twelve, among them tricarboxylic acids, hydroxyl dicarboxylic acids and
oxodicarboxylic acids, being detected for the first time.
  doi = {10.5194/amt-5-1459-2012},
  adsurl = {},
  adsnote = {Provided by the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System}
  author = {{Couvreux}, F. and {Rio}, C. and {Guichard}, F. and {Lothon}, M. and 
	{Canut}, G. and {Bouniol}, D. and {Gounou}, A.},
  title = {{Initiation of daytime local convection in a semi-arid region analysed with high-resolution simulations and AMMA observations}},
  journal = {Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society},
  year = 2012,
  month = jan,
  volume = 138,
  pages = {56-71},
  doi = {10.1002/qj.903},
  adsurl = {},
  adsnote = {Provided by the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System}
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