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@comment{{This file has been generated by bib2bib 1.95}}
@comment{{Command line: /usr/bin/bib2bib --quiet -c 'not journal:"Discussions"' -c 'not journal:"Polymer Science"' -c '  author:"Li"  ' -c year=1992 -c $type="ARTICLE" -oc lmd_Li1992.txt -ob lmd_Li1992.bib /home/WWW/LMD/public/}}
  author = {{Li}, Z.-X. and {Le Treut}, H.},
  title = {{Cloud-radiation feedbacks in a general circulation model and their dependence on cloud modelling assumptions}},
  journal = {Climate Dynamics},
  year = 1992,
  month = apr,
  volume = 7,
  pages = {133-139},
  abstract = {{The general circulation model (GCM) used in this study includes a
prognostic cloud scheme and a rather detailed radiation scheme. In a
preceding paper, we showed that this model was more sensitive to a
global perturbation of the sea surface temperatures than most other
models with similar physical parametrization. The experiments presented
here show how this feature might depend on some of the cloud modelling
assumptions. We have changed the temperature at which the water clouds
are allowed to become ice clouds and analyzed separately the feedbacks
associated with the variations of cloud cover and cloud radiative
properties. We show that the feedback effect associated with cloud
radiative properties is positive in one case and negative in the other.
This can be explained by the elementary cloud radiative forcing and has
implications concerning the use of the GCMs for climate sensitivity
  doi = {10.1007/BF00211155},
  adsurl = {},
  adsnote = {Provided by the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System}
  author = {{Randall}, D.~A. and {Cess}, R.~D. and {Blanchet}, J.~P. and 
	{Boer}, G.~J. and {Dazlich}, D.~A. and {Del Genio}, A.~D. and 
	{Deque}, M. and {Dymnikov}, V. and {Galin}, V. and {Ghan}, S.~J. and 
	{Lacis}, A.~A. and {Le Treut}, H. and {Li}, Z.-X. and {Liang}, X.-Z. and 
	{McAvaney}, B.~J. and {Meleshko}, V.~P. and {Mitchell}, J.~F.~B. and 
	{Morcrette}, J.-J. and {Potter}, G.~L. and {Rikus}, L. and {Roeckner}, E. and 
	{Royer}, J.~F. and {Schlese}, U. and {Sheinin}, D.~A. and {Slingo}, J. and 
	{Sokolov}, A.~P. and {Taylor}, K.~E. and {Washington}, W.~M. and 
	{Wetherald}, R.~T. and {Yagai}, I. and {Zhang}, M.-H.},
  title = {{Intercomparison and Interpretation of Surface Energy Fluxes in Atmospheric General Circulation Models}},
  journal = {\jgr},
  keywords = {Meteorology and Atmospheric Dynamics: Climatology, Meteorology and Atmospheric Dynamics: General circulation, Meteorology and Atmospheric Dynamics: Ocean/atmosphere interactions},
  year = 1992,
  month = mar,
  volume = 97,
  pages = {3711-3724},
  abstract = {{We have analyzed responses of the surface energy budgets and hydrologic
cycles of 19 atmospheric general circulation models to an imposed,
globally uniform sea surface temperature perturbation of 4 K. The
responses of the simulated surface energy budgets are extremely diverse
and are closely linked to the responses of the simulated hydrologic
cycles. The response of the net surface energy flux is not controlled by
cloud effects; instead, it is determined primarily by the response of
the latent heat flux. The prescribed warming of the oceans leads to
major increases in the atmospheric water vapor content and the rates of
evaporation and precipitation. The increased water vapor amount
drastically increases the downwelling infrared radiation at the Earth's
surface, but the amount of the change varies dramatically from one model
to another.
  doi = {10.1029/91JD03120},
  adsurl = {},
  adsnote = {Provided by the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System}
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